Mongolia Nationality The people of this ethnic group live in community in the present Bayingolin Mongolia Autonomous Prefecture, Bortala Mongolia Autonomous Prefecture and Hebukesaier Mongolia Autonomous County, and some of them live in Ili, Changji, Kumul and Urumchi, with a population of 178,900.“Mongolia” is what they call themselves. They are engaged in animal husbandry, and some have shifted to agricultural production. The language belongs to Mongolian Branch of Altaic Family, and they use the writing of todo Mongolian and Hudumu Mongolian. Most of them believe in Northern Buddhism
Tazig Nationality The people of this ethnic group live in community in Pamirs, known as “residents on the roof of the world”and “households above clouds”. They mostly live in the present Taxkorgan Tazig Autonomous County in south Xinjiang, and some are distributed in high and cold areas of Shache, Zep, Karghalik and Pishan Counties, with a population of 47,300. “Tazig” is what they call themselves, with the meaning of “crown”. They are engaged in animal husbandry, and concurrently agriculture, planting coldresistant crops. Their language belongs to Indo-Iranian Branch of Indo-European languages, and they generally use Uigur writing. They believe in Islam.
Xibe Nationality The people of this ethnic group live in community in present Ili Qapqal Xibe
Autonomous County and Huocheng, Gongliu counties, with a population of 42,700. “Xibe”is what they call themselves. In 1764AD, they were called up to Ili Prefecture for garrison, farming and settling. Their language belongs to Manchu Branch of Manchu-Tungusic group of Altaic Family, and there is the Xibe writing developed and formed on the basis of Manchu Script. In history, they believe in a variety of gods, mainly“Mother Hilly” (the God protecting families) and “Halcan” (the God protecting domestic animals), and there are also people believing in Shamanism and Northern Buddhism.
Manchu Nationality They live scattered all over Xinjiang.. Most of them live in community in the present Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture, Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture in north Xinjiang and Urumchi City, with a population of 26400. They are mostly offspring of officers and soldiers of the Manchu Eight Banners dispatched here for garrison. They first mostly lived in community for garrison; later they started reclamation and agricultural production, and those living in cities and towns are also engaged in other trades ShanghaI reisen. Their original language belongs to Manchu Branch of Manchu-Tungusic group of Altaic Family, and now people have changed to Han language, and most of them also know other ethnic languages and writings such as Uigur. They believed in Shamanism over a long time.
Uzbek Nationality They live scattered in cities and towns of south and north Xinjiang today, mainly in Yining, Kashgar, Urumchi, Tacheng and Shache, with a population of 17,400. On July 2, 1987, the Uzbek ethnic township was established in Danangou of Mori Kazak Autonomous County. They mostly live in cities, engaged in commerce and handicraft; a small number of they live in rural and pasturing areas, engaged in animal husbandry and agriculture. Their language belongs to Turkic Branch of Altaic Family, and the writing is an alphabetic language based on Arabic letters, similar to Uygur and Tartar writing. They use Uigur language and writing, and a small number of them in the pasturing area in north Xinjiang also use Kazak language and writing. They generally believe in Islam.